Sonja's English-Esperanto Dictionary


Sources and abbreviations

Whenever possible, the source of Esperanto words and expressions is cited in superscript immediately following them. This is especially useful when different sources recommend different forms of a word, for example:

television show N televida programoBW, uz, televida programeroPIV
Quebec N (province) KebekioPIV,uz, KebekoBW
World Health Organization (WHO) N Monda Organizaĵo pri Sano (MOS)RV,Mo, Organizaĵo Monda por la Sano (OMS)PIV

Strikethrough text (like this) indicates a deprecated word or expression that should be avoided (according to one or more sources), however you may notice some Esperanto-speakers using it.

Top-level sources: Fundamento and the Akademio

Ak Word recorded in the eight Oficialaj Aldonoj al la Universala Vortaro, decision or recommendation made by the Akademio de Esperanto, or recommendation of the Konsultejo de la Akademio
AC Nepivaj Vortoj, by André Cherpillod, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
BW term recommended, used or approved by Bertilo Wennergren, member of the Akademio de Esperanto, author of Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko (PMEG) , Landoj kaj lingvoj de la mondo and Roko kaj Popo: Popularmuzika Terminaro en Esperanto, and active participant in online discussion forums
EB Esperanta Bildvortaro, by Rüdiger Eichholz, member of the Akademio de Esperanto, or language usage of Eichholz from other publications
F Fundamento de Esperanto published by Zamenhof in 1905, the unchangeable foundation and obligatory authority over Esperanto
Ĝ online news site Ĝangalo or its Gvidlibro pri Notico-Verkado, edited by Flavio Rebelo, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
HV Hejma Vortaro, edited by Prof. Jouko Lindstedt, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
IK Angla-Esperanta-Hungara etvortaro pri: Lernado kaj laboro, Lingvo kaj komunikado, Homa vivo kaj loĝado, by Ilona Koutny, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
JC new term proposed or used by Jorge Camacho Cordón, award-winning Esperanto author, conference interpreter, and former member of the Akademio de Esperanto
JW Dr. John C. Wells, member of the Akademio de Esperanto, author of Teach Yourself Esperanto Dictionary and reviser of a list of False Friends printed in The British Esperantist, August-September 1972, and president of the World Esperanto Association from 1989 to 1995
KL Komputada Leksikono, by Sergio Pokrovskij, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
Kr Wörterbuch Deutsch-Esperanto, by Erich-Dieter Krause, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
RC Renato Corsetti, member of the Akademio de Esperanto, author, and current president of the World Esperanto Association
VIE Vocabolario Italiano Esperanto, by Prof. Carlo Minnaja, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
Z Dr. L. L. Zamenhof, creator of the Esperanto language

Secondary sources: usage and other proposals

15a New word formed according to Rule 15 of the Fundamenta Gramatiko, which states that foreign words that many languages have taken from the same source may be loaned as a neologism and adapted to the orthography of Esperanto
ANZ Australian and New Zealand Esperanto Dictionary, by Ralph Harry and Brian Fox
AT Astronomia Terminaro, developed by the Astronomia Esperanto-Klubo
DH Don Harlow, former president of the Esperanto League for North America (ELNA), former editor of Esperanto USA magazine, Esperanto author and reviewer
EEG Esperantlingva Etnonoma Glosaro, developed by the Internacia Komitato por Etnaj Liberecoj (IKEL) during the years they publied the ethnological periodical Etnismo
EJA Esperanta Jura Asocio and Jura Tribuno Internacia
J Vortaro japana-Esperanta, JEI
LF Libera Folio, independant bulletin on the Esperanto movement, founded by István Ertl and Kalle Kniivilä, edited by Kalle Kniivilä
LSG Ligo de Samseksamaj Geesperantistoj, specialized subgroup for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender Esperantists, collaborating with the World Esperanto Association (UEA)
Mo Monato magazine and its usage conventions
PB Complete English-Esperanto Dictionary, by Peter Benson
PIV Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto 2005; 1970 edition edited by Gaston Waringhien, former president of the Akademio de Esperanto; 1987 Supplement by Waringhien and Roland Levreaud, 2002 and 2005 editions led by Michel Duc Goninaz, member of the Akademio de Esperanto
RP Radio Polonia, Esperanto-language radio programming of Polskie Radio
RV Reta Vortaro, by Wolfram Diestel and others
SEK proposal by Sonja Elen Kisa, author of Sonja's English-Esperanto Dictionary
TVE Tabuaj vortoj en Esperanto by Hektor Alos and Kiril Velkov, edited by Ljubomir Trifonĉovski
uz word or expression observed in common usage by the Esperanto-speaking community, the frequency of which can be verified for example by a Google search
WP Nomaroj: birdoj bestoj insektoj plantoj legomoj, by Wouter F. Pilger


About the dictionary 10 random words Sources and abbreviations Suggest a missing word